Now that we’ve gotten a high-level understanding of some of the behaviours associated with autism, it’s time to go a little deeper.
It’s important for us to understand that challenging behaviors are situated in a context, and we cannot create successful intervention plans if we do not understand the context in which the behavior is situated in. Psychologists use the Antecedent Behavior Consequence Model (The ABC Model), which is a behavioral modification strategy.
Antecedent – the action, event or condition that triggers the onset of the behavior, for instance, the presence of a teacher or hearing the word “no”
Behavior – the child’s response to the antecedent, such as crying or hitting of self
Consequence – the response of others following the child’s behavior, which could be giving in to the child or ignoring the child etc.