Intellectual Disabilities


A child with an intellectual disability has impairments in their intellectual functioning or everyday functioning. The child may experience problems in adaptive behaviours such as eating, taking care of themselves, reading, speaking, or interacting with others. Intellectual disabilities can occur due to reasons such as genetic conditions, problems during childbirth and pregnancy, illness, or injury. In many children, the causes can be unknown.

Signs of Intellectual Disabilities

Signs of intellectual disabilities include: 

  • Delayed language skills or having trouble in speech
  • Delayed developmental milestones such as sitting up and walking
  • Inability or delayed in mastering activities such as toilet training, dressing, and feeding themselves 
  • Challenges in logical thinking and problem-solving
  • Unable to connect actions and consequences 
  • Behavioural problems such as tantrums and meltdowns 

Psychological therapy can help the child manage their intellectual disability through the development of a comprehensive treatment and education plan tailored toward both the child and their parents and/or carers.