ADHD Treatment


Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent mental disorders in childhood.  Symptoms of ADHD usually include inattention (trouble with paying attention or concentration), impulsivity (acting without thinking about the consequences of the behaviour), and hyperactivity (excessive movements that are not suited to the context and sitting). 

Symptoms of ADHD

ADHD is categorised into three types: inattentive, hyperactive/impulsive, or combined. 

A child who has the inattentive type of ADHD may: 

  • Have trouble concentrating or staying focused on tasks and activities such as during classes or extended reading 
  • Lack attention to detail and makes many careless mistakes in school 
  • Not follow through on assignments and schoolwork, may start doing specific tasks but does not complete it 
  • Avoid or dislike tasks that require prolonged mental effort, such as filling in forms
  • Be forgetful and often loses things needed for daily life, such as books or stationery 
  • Forget daily tasks, chores or errands 
  • Get distracted very easily

A child who has the hyperactive/impulsive type of ADHD may:

  • Fidget easily or squirm in the seat 
  • Be unable to stay seated in a classroom setting
  • Be unable to play or participate in leisure activities quietly 
  • Run around and climbs in appropriate settings
  • Be overly talkative 
  • Blurt out answers before a question has been finished asking in conversations
  • Have difficulty taking turns 
  • Interrupt others during conversations or intrudes on others by using other people’s things without permission
  • Seem to be always ‘on the go’ 

Psychology interventions can help to improve and manage the symptoms of ADHD. Interventions often include teaching the child to control their behavior and make positive choices for their well-being, as well as strategies to help improve structure and organisation in the child’s daily life. Parents are also taught how to provide positive reinforcement and feedback for desired behaviours to sustain these behaviors in their child.